The Art of Travel
Vintage Travel Posters

Original American, Canadian and British Rail Travel Posters

Exhibition:
Friday, September 15, 2006-Saturday, October 14, 2006


The Art of Travel

Vintage Travel Posters

American, British & Canadian Railroad Posters

Exhibition:
September 15 - October 14, 2006


Please contact the gallery for availability of works from past exhibits.

Meibohm Fine Arts
is proud to offer these rare 1920-30's original vintage travel posters from our archives. The collection of 20 American, British and Canadian posters represents railway companies, a railway car manufacturer, resort posters and national park posters.

With the emergence of travel by train that began in the early 1830’s, until it’s rise in popularity in the later part of the 19th century, advertising mostly took the stance of using leaflets, handouts and broadsides. Around the 1880’s, Europe began using a new form of printing called lithography to promote travel even further. The use of this new medium influenced American advertising agencies and artists so much that they used it for the next 75 years. The use of bright and vivid color encouraged travel to faraway exotic places and new frontiers, while challenging people to use their imaginations.

Most travel posters featured dramatic landscapes, architecture, trains, and sometimes female travelers, while offering first-rate comfort and class. By the 1920’s and 30’s, posters took on an array of different artistic styles. Numerous artists were commissioned to design them, and it was often the hope of most illustration artists to obtain a career in this highly desired field. One artist was quoted as saying that first impressions were everything -“Few colors, vivid, attention-compelling; striking, well-disposed composition; short and smashing copy.” These he argued, “…are the attributes that make a poster successful.”

Few posters have survived, as they were often printed on cheaper paper and were not intended to have a long life out in the elements. They were put up in train stations, advertising agencies, on billboards & walls etc, and most typically only survived about three months or so out in the elements. Railway advertising posters continued to thrive and were used through the 1950’s. As a record of art and history they are highly collectible and actively sought-after today.


• Poster dimensions are in inches, height precedes width.
• All works include conservation framing.
• Additional biographical information on artists and railways is available.
• All Posters are guaranteed original vintage prints.
• Condition Grades:
“A” condition: a poster in very fine condition, with no restoration. Colors are fresh. Poster is archivally, backed and very clean.
“B” condition: a poster in good condition, possibly showing some staining, or minor restoration, any restoration will be fully disclosed.
“C”condition: a poster in fair condition, folds, creases and restoration will be apparent, as well as any paper loss, any restoration will be fully disclosed.


Catalog of the Exhibition:

1. Across Canada – Apply Within
Canadian National Railways
C. Norwich, 1924
Johnson, Riddle & Co. Ltd. London – Lithograph
40 x 25, Linen Lined, Condition A+
1650.00 (Sold)

2. Yellowstone Park
Northern Pacific Railway – Yellowstone Park Line
Thomas Moran
(Original painting: Grand Canyon, Yellowstone National Park 1893-1901)
Brown & Bigelow, St. Paul Minn. USA, Lithograph, c.1930
30 x 40, Paper Lined, Condition A-
2600.00 (Sold)

Thomas Moran (English-American, 1837-1926) was a landscape painter, illustrator, engraver, etcher, and a lithographer. Moran was a member of the National Academy of Design and of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, among other societies and art clubs. He received fame from his beautiful and scenic paintings of the west set in places like Yellowstone National Park, Yosemite and The Grand Canyon.

3. Summer Resort
TRAVEL AT REDUCED RATES TO YOUR FAVORITE SUMMER RESORT IN PULLMAN SAFETY & COMFORT
The Pullman Company
Welsh, 1935
Charles Daniel Frey Co. Advertising Chicago, Lithograph
27.25 x 20.75, Linen Lined, Condition A+
3000.00

William P. Welsh (American, 1889-1984) was an illustrator, portrait painter, and muralist. He grew up in Lexington, Kentucky and studied with Mary Kinkead; at the Art Students League (ASL) and under Frank V. DuMond; Academie Julian, Paris. He was also a member of the Society of Illustrators (SI) in New York City. Welsh won numerous prizes and medals for his work, exhibiting at the Art Institute of Chicago, the SI, and at the Whitney Museum of American Art, among others. He has illustrated magazine covers for Woman’s Home Companion, Hearst International Publications, and Cosmopolitan as well as travel posters for the Pullman Company.

4. Central Wales
London Midland & Scottish Railway Company
Norman Wilkinson, R.I., c.1933
S.C.Allen & Co. Ltd., London, lithograph
40 x 50, Archival Board Lined, Condition B –
1900.00

Norman Wilkinson R.I. (British, 1878-1971) well known as a maritime artist, illustrator and poster designer for the London Midland Scottish Railway (LMS). He was born in Cambridge and studied at the Berkhamsted School of Art and the Southsea Schools of Art. Wilkinson had a long working relationship with the Illustrated London News and The Illustrated Mail. In 1906 he was elected President (R.I.) of The Royal Institute of Painters in watercolors, and was also a member of the Royal Institute of Oil Painters, the Royal Society of Marine Artists, and the Royal Scottish Society of Painters in Watercolors. He entered into the Royal Navy during World War I becoming a Naval Officer, his major contribution was to the new multi-colored art of camouflage called “Razzle-Dazzle”. Wilkinson is regarded as one of the finest marine artists of the 20th century and he continued to design posters and illustrate well into the 1950’s.

5. Winter Resort
TRAVEL AT REDUCED RATES TO YOUR FAVORITE WINTER RESORT IN PULLMAN SAFETY & COMFORT
The Pullman Company
Welsh, 1934
Charles Daniel Frey Co. Advertising Chicago, Lithograph
26.25 x 21, Original Board, Condition B
1600.00 (sold)

6. Alaska – Alaskans “Off to the Potlatch”
Northern Pacific Railway – North Coast Limited
Sydney Laurence, c.1930
Brown & Bigelow, St. Paul Minn. USA, Lithograph
40 x 30, Paper Lined, Condition A
2400.00 (sold)

Sydney Mortimer Laurence (American, 1865-1940) Studied at the National Academy of Design with Edward Moran; Ecole des Beaux-Arts, in Paris 1889-94. He was also a member of the Royal Society of British Artists. He became a war correspondent for a London Periodical. After much travel, he tried his hand at gold prospecting in Alaska, which proved unsuccessful. He would often return to his cabin to paint, and is especially well know for his Alaskan landscapes and Indians.

7. Montana – Absaroka Mountains, Montana
Northern Pacific Railway – North Coast Limited
Gustav Krollmann, c.1930
Brown & Bigelow, St. Paul Minn. USA, Lithograph
40 x 30, Paper Lined, Condition B-
1800.00 (Sold)

Gustav Wilhelm Krollmann (Austrian-American, 1888-1962) was a painter, muralist, illustrator, lecturer and teacher. Born in Vienna, Austria he later immigrated to the United States to settle in St. Paul, Minnesota. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, exhibited at the Minneapolis Institute of Art, and was a member of the Minneapolis Society of Fine Art. He was the staff artist for the National Pacific Railroad (NPR) designing travel posters and advertisements, and has been recognized worldwide as one of the best poster artists of his time.

8. North Coast Limited in the Montana Rockies
Bozeman Pass, Montana Rockies, USA
Northern Pacific Railway – North Coast Limited
Gustav Krollmann
Brown & Bigelow, St. Paul Minn. USA, 1930, Lithograph
40 x 30.5, Linen Lined, Condition A+
2500.00 (Sold)

9. Montana Round Up
Northern Pacific Railway – North Coast Limited
Jessamine Spear Johnson (American Photographer, 1886-1978), 1924
Brown & Bigelow, St. Paul Minn. USA, Colorized Photo Offset Lithograph
30.25 x 40, Linen Lined, Condition A-
1500.00 (Sold [E])

10. The Trossachs
TOUR SCOTLAND BY LONDON AND NORTH EASTERN RAILWAY
London and North Eastern Railway
Austin Cooper
McCorquodale & Co. Ltd. Glasgow & London, Lithograph
40 x 50, Paper Lined, Restored, Condition C+
1900.00

Austin Cooper (Canadian-British, 1890-1964) was an illustrator and poster artist born in Canada with artistic training in Britain. He first studied at the Cardiff School of Art in Wales, he then moved to London and furthered his studies at the City and Guilds School of Art in London. He settled in London during the early 1920’s and was soon commissioned by the London Underground to do a series of posters. For the next twenty years he established himself as one of the top poster designers and became well known for his illustration work for the London North Eastern Railway and the Empire Marketing Board.

11. Rodeo Parade
In the Montana – Wyoming Dude Ranch Country
Northern Pacific Railway – North Coast Limited
Edward P. Brewer
The Jensen Printing Co. Minneapolis, Lithograph
40 x 30” Paper Lined, Condition A
2000.00 (Sold)

Edward V. Brewer (American 1883-1971) was a well known portrait painter, commercial illustrator and landscape artist from St. Paul Minnesota. He studied at the Art Students League (ASL) in New York City with Kenyon Cox, Walter Appleton Clark, Frank V. DuMond, Twachtman, and with his father Nicholas R. Brewer. In 1911 he began working for the Emery Mapes Company (EMC) doing weekly commercial ads for their client ‘Cream of Wheat’ where he made a name for himself with the creation of the now famous character, “Rastus". During the 1930’s, he designed and painted ads for the Northern Pacific Railroad, which garnered him wide recognition.

12. The Indian Country Portraits from Life in the Indian Country
Northern Pacific Railway – North Coast Limited
Maaron Glemby
Brown & Bigelow, St. Paul Minn. USA, Lithograph
40.5 x 30, Linen Lined, Condition A+
1000.00 (Sold)

13. Ontario’s Lakelands
Canadian National Railways
A.J. Casson, 1939
Silkscreen printed in Canada
29.5 x 19.5, Original board, Condition A
2100.00

14. The Peak District – Peveril Castle
London Midland & Scottish Railway Company
L. Campbell Taylor RA, c.1930
S.C. Allen & Co. Ltd., London
40 x 50, Archival board lined, Condition B
1900.00

L. Campbell Taylor (British, 1874-1969) was primarily known for his illustration work, portraits, landscapes and historical scenes with figures. He was born in Oxford, studied at the Ruskin School and at the St. John’s Woods School of Art in London. In 1905 he furthered his studies at the Royal Academy Schools of Art. Taylor illustrated for many popular magazines including The Windsor Magazine and garnered notoriety for his poster work for the London Midland Scottish Railways (LMS).

15. It’s a Hiawatha Year!
Chicago Milwaukee St. Paul and Pacific
c.1940 Periodical Advertisement
10.5 x 7.5
100.00

16. Divide the Dollars by the Years
Allegheny Stainless
1957 Periodical Advertisement
11 x 8.5
100.00

17. Gone are the “good old days” I
ELECTRO-MOTIVE, DIVISION OF GENERAL MOTORS
Harold Hill
1949 Periodical Advertisement
13 x 10
120.00

18. Gone are the “good old days” II
ELECTRO-MOTIVE, DIVISION OF GENERAL MOTORS
Harold Hill
1949 Periodical Advertisement
13 x 10
120.00

19. The New Yakima Gateway to Rainier National Park
Northern Pacific Railway – North Coast Limited
Sydney Laurence, c.1930
Brown & Bigelow, St. Paul Minn. USA, Lithograph
30 x 40, Linen Lined, Condition A
2100.00 (Sold)

20. Chessie’s Doctor
Chesapeake and Ohio Lines
Melbourne Brindle
1942 Periodical Advertisement
14 x 11
120.00

21. Listen to the Night America
Chesapeake and Ohio Lines
Melbourne Brindle
1943 Periodical Advertisement
14 x 11
120.00

22. The Southern Uplands of Scotland
London Midland & Scottish Railway Company
John Mace
McCorquodale & Co. Ltd. Glasgow & London, Lithograph
40 x 50, Paper Lined, Restored, Condition C
1900.00

23. Menai Straits from the Tubular Bridge
London Midland & Scottish Railway Company
Euston – Holyhead Line
Norman Wilkinson, R.I.
McCorquodale & Co. Ltd. Glasgow & London, Lithograph
40 x 50, Archival Board Lined, Condition B
1900.00

Canadian National Railways (CNR) created between 1918 and 1923, like many corporations, was the result of merging a large number of smaller and long established companies, to form a more complex railway system. CNR was comprised of several railways that went bankrupt and had fallen into federal government hands, along with some railways that were already owned by the government at that time. CNR can trace their history through more than 200 separate railway companies and as far back as 1836 with the opening of the first public railway in Canada, the Champlain & St. Lawrence Railroad. Railways, until the advent of the first automobiles and the creation of taxpayer funded highways, were the only available long distance land transportation available in Canada for many years. As such, their operation attracted a great deal of public and political attention. With the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, along with high construction costs, some of the major railways quickly encountered serious financial difficulties.

In 1923 CNR assumed control of another line, the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway the oldest and largest railway company operating in eastern Canada. CNR inherited a vast network of rail lines from its constituent railways, but eventually combined its passenger lines into one united railway system. With the nationalization of these passenger lines, CNR became the largest railway in Canada. It operated more than 21,750 miles linking the country from coast to coast as well as having railway routes in the United States.

In subsequent years, several smaller independent railways would be added to CNR as they went bankrupt, or as it became politically beneficial to do so. The 1920’s saw substantial growth in passenger travel, and CNR introduced several new routes and adopted innovative technologies such as Canada's first diesel-electric locomotives, and also radio on its trains.

CNR continued under that name until 1960 when it then became Canadian National (CN). After more than 75 years as a government-owned railway system, it was privatized in 1995. It is currently Canada’s only transcontinental railway company, spanning Canada from Nova Scotia to British Columbia.

The London Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) was a British railway company that was established in 1923 by the Railways Act of 1921. Following the First World War many of Britain's railway companies were in financial trouble and close to bankruptcy. Out of the sanctioned “Grouping” of over 300 separate railway companies, four large companies emerged; London Midland and Scottish Railway, London and North Eastern Railway, Great Western Railway and the Southern Railway. It was a massive undertaking that was expected to be more profitable and better managed. At that time, it claimed to be the world's largest joint stock organization, the largest transport organization, and the largest commercial undertaking in Europe.

Of the four great railways, the London Midland and Scottish was the largest. The LMS was formed from seven major constituent and twenty-seven subsidiary companies. The LMS was the only British railway serving England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. Excluding Northern Ireland, the LMS operated 6,870 route miles of railway. The principal LMS trunk routes were the West Coast Main Line and the Midland Main Line, that joined London, the industrial Midlands and North-West of England, and Scotland. The railway's main business was the transport of goods between these major industrial hubs. Particularly notable were the Toton–Brent coal cars, that took coal from the Nottinghamshire coalfield to London.

Along with the other British railway companies, the war-damaged LMS was eventually nationalized in 1948 by the Transport Act of 1947. Its associated hotels laid the foundation of the modern hotel trade and despite its relatively short twenty-five year time period, it contributed more to the conglomerate of the British Railway system in 1948 than any other single British company.

Surviving almost 107 years of rugged history, the Northern Pacific Railway was a unique American establishment. On July 2, 1864 President Abraham Lincoln signed an Act of Congress creating the Northern Pacific Railroad Company (NP) charting it as the first northern transcontinental railroad. It was granted some 47,000,000 acres of land and would have its eastern end at Lake Superior and its western end at Puget Sound. Much of its railway was to follow the famed Lewis and Clark 1804-1806 expedition of the uncharted Northwest Territories. Investors struggled to find financing, so it was not until February 15, 1870 at Thompson Junction, Minnesota (25 west of Duluth) that groundbreaking took place. At about the same time, activity on the west end of the transcontinental began. Over the course of 1870, the NP pushed westward from Minnesota into present-day North Dakota (ND). It also began reaching from Kalama, Washington Territory towards the Puget Sound. Attacks on survey parties and construction crews building into Native American homelands in ND during 1872 became so prevalent that the company appealed for Army protection from President Ulysses S. Grant.

The Panic of 1873 engulfed the U.S., ushering in a severe recession that would last for several years. The staggering costs of building a railroad into a vast wilderness during this time were drastically underestimated and in 1875 the company fell into its first bankruptcy. Under new presidency within the company, a reorganization plan was soon put into effect and construction resumed shortly thereafter. That same year, General George Custer was assigned to protect railroad survey and construction crews.

By 1883 only 300 miles remained between the two railheads. The Completion of the first transcontinental railway signaled an extravagant celebration at Gold Creek, Montana Territory, where tracks from the east and the west had finally been joined. No expense was spared and at 5:18pm on September 8, 1883, the ceremonial "gold spike" was driven by former President Ulysses S. Grant and Henry Villard, the president of NP at that time. The signing of the charter by Lincoln and the completion of its mainline were prominent factors in the opening of the northern frontier territories. The NP rightfully had now earned its place in American railroad history.

During the second financial panic that gripped the U.S. in 1893, NP slipped into its second bankruptcy later that same year. After multiple presidency changes within the company in the years that followed, NP once again survived bankruptcy.

Beginning in 1900, NP promoted their famous passenger train the ‘North Coast Limited’ which offered service between Chicago and Seattle via Bismarck, ND. It was their premier flagship train and was among the safest and finest in the nation.

The NP was an early innovator in the areas of on-board dining services, while also maintaining and upgrading its equipment and customer service. The railroad also created the first National Park connection in 1928, proudly featuring the famous 2-8-8-4 ‘Yellowstone’ engine line, the largest in the world at that time.

In the 106 years following NP’s creation, the territories through which its rails passed eventually became states. The growth in population and ultimate admission of these states into the Union tell a graphic story of the part played by NP in the settlement and development of the Northwest, which helped to open up the resources of this vast area. Its land holdings and 6,000 mile railway line made it a major force in this country’s history.

The Pullman Palace Car Company was founded in 1867 by George M. Pullman. He built and introduced ‘world-class’ railroad cars during the boom of railway travel in the United States during the late 1800’s, through the middle of the 20th century. Pullman was born in 1831 outside of Buffalo, NY in the small town of Albion. He followed in his father’s footsteps and made his early mark in the building-moving business, and soon moved to Chicago in 1859 to secure new prospects. He eventually took the capital he earned from moving buildings and started a new venture, building luxury railway cars.

Pullman was very familiar with the uncomfortable ride and appalling sleeping conditions that the train rides offered on his frequent business trips. On an overnight train ride from Buffalo to Westfield, he was inspired to start designing and improving passenger railcars. In 1858 with help from one of his close friends, they secured a contract from the Chicago, Alton and St. Louis Railroad, to develop a more comfortable sleeping car. By 1864, Pullman had an original car built and called it the ‘Pioneer’. It was a vast improvement over any car then in service.

After President Lincoln’s assassination in 1865, Pullman transported the body by the "Lonesome Train" as it was called, to Springfield, Illinois for burial. Pullman’s luxury sleeping cars featured carpeting, upholstered chairs, card tables, libraries, draperies and an unrivaled level of customer service.

At the turn of the century, the company changed its name to Pullman Co. after acquiring the assets of its only real competitor, and produced about $14 million worth of railway cars per year. Within ten years, the company operated about 7,500 passenger cars, which it leased complete with porters and other workers, to railroad companies around the globe. Pullman’s best years were the mid 20’s. In 1924 they reorganized the company, and in two years, a holding company called Pullman Inc. was established to oversee the two separate divisions; the Pullman Car & Manufacturing Corp. and the Pullman Company. Within two years after that, Pullman Car merged with the Standard Steel Car Co., creating the Pullman-Standard Car Manufacturing Company. During the Great Depression of the 30’s, Pullman-Standard was the nation's largest manufacturer of freight and passenger cars.

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