Horace Murray Hammond (AKA H. Murray, A.D. Bell, J. Barclay)

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Horace Murray Hammond (British, c1879-1966, exh. 1902-1939, fl. 1920’s-30’s) was a landscape painter, illustrator and lithographic artist primarily known for his watercolor/gouache and oil paintings that often depict rural landscapes, sporting or fox hunt scenes, and country genre scenes with figures and animals, as well as illustrations. Hammond is known to have painted under several pseudonyms to include: H. Murray, A.D. Bell and J. Barclay. He used the pseudonym of A.D. Bell at the request of the Birmingham art dealer Arthur Joseph, from Brierley Hill, Staffordshire, England (now West Midlands), for whom he had worked for. There was another artist by the name of Wilfred Knox (British, 1884-1966), who also worked for A. Joseph and was known to have also used the pseudonym A.D. Bell (as well as R. MacGregor), though their styles vary somewhat. Hammond’s paintings show fine execution with vivid detail and often bright colors, painted in the style of the famous artist Myles Birket Foster (English, 1825-1899).

Hammond was born in Warwickshire, Birmingham, England to well known landscape painter Robert John Hammond (c1853-aft. 1911) and Lucy Emuss (née Banner) Hammond (1856-1915), and he had a younger sister Evelyn Hammond (c1881-1966). From research, he exhibited from 1902-1939 and lived in Birmingham, England circa 1902. In April, 1907, Horace married Elsie May (née Beacon, c1888-c1953) in Aston, Warwickshire, England. He flourished as a painter in the 1920’s and 30’s. He and his wife later moved to Kidderminster, a town in the Wyre Forest district of Worcestershire, England in 1927 and then to London in 1939 (address possibly on Wigmore Street). Hammond Exhibited at the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists, Birmingham, England; the Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, England; and the Royal Academy, London, England. His works have become increasingly popular and his can be found in numerous collections around the world. To get current auction records, biographical info and full activity for this particular artist, the artist must be researched under his real name, as well as the three different pseudonym names used. Other information about the artist can be found in the book Hidden Talents: A Dictionary of Neglected Artists Working 1880-1950, by Jeremy Wood (1994).

(Written & compiled by Mark Strong of Meibohm Fine Arts, Inc., meibohmfinearts.com, from sources: familypedia.wikia.com, birth & death date information for “Horace Murray Hammond”, “Robert John Hammond” and “Lucy E. Banner”; ancestry.com, “England & Wales, Civil Registration Marriage Index, 1837-1915: Marriage & Divorce”; ancestry.com, “Lucy Emuss Banner”, Reginald John Warner Family Tree; banksfineart.com, auction.igavel.com, eBay.com, sheltongallery.com, antiques-atlas.com, and wunderlygalleries.com; and kennettsfineart.co.uk.)

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