Hans Figura
Hans Figura
Hans Figura (Austrian, 1898-1978) painter and etcher who was well known for his aquatint etchings on paper or satin of European and American landscape and cityscape scenes, as well as paintings of landscape & cityscape scenes, Tyrolean Alp scenes of villages & chalets, street scenes, harbor & marine scenes etc. Figura was born January 22, 1898, in the small town of Nagy-Kikinda near the Austro-Hungarian border, to Austrian parents. His father was a railway official and he spent his childhood in various small villages along the railway line between Vienna and Hungary. As a young man, he served as an officer in the Austrian Army during WWI. After the war he attended medical school for several years and passed his first state exam, but eventually decided that he preferred the arts to medicine. He studied at the Graphic Academy in Vienna and by 1922 he had devoted himself to painting and etching, while also working in other artistic printing mediums, batik and working with leather. During the 1920's-30's, he made numerous art study trips throughout Europe and the United States, and throughout the course of his career, he had exhibited in many of the large cities there and abroad. Hans died on his 80th birthday in 1978.

Walter Meibohm worked with Mr. Figura personally post WWII and maintained a friendship with him until his death in 1978.

Aquatinting, like etching is an acid based process, and is quite complex. It uses acid-resistant Bitumen dust instead of wax, which is laid on the plate and then heated causing the dust to adhere to the plate. It is then immersed in acid which eats away the copper around the dust grains, creating a thin web of lines. The technique imitates different tone levels, much like water color washes. Different lengths of time in the acid bath produce a variety of tonal shading. It can produce subtle color tones and at other times with brilliant results.

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